Key stages

The national curriculum is organised into blocks of years called ‘key stages’ (KS). At the end of each key stage, the school teacher will formally assess your child’s performance.


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Age Year Key stage Assessment
5 to 6 Year 1 KS1 Phonics screening check
6 to 7 Year 2 KS1 National tests and teacher assessments in English, maths and science
7 to 8 Year 3 KS2
8 to 9 Year 4 KS2
9 to 10 Year 5 KS2
10 to 11 Year 6 KS2 National tests and teacher assessments in English and maths, and teacher assessments in science. SATS
11 to 12 Year 7 KS3
12 to 13 Year 8 KS3
13 to 14 Year 9 KS3
14 to 15 Year 10 KS4
15 to 16 Year 11 KS4 GCSE Examination
16+ Post 16 KS5 A Level Examination
AS First year (1 year of study)
A2 second year ( 2 years of study)